CNVs cause autosomal recessive genetic diseases with or without involvement of SNV/indels.

TitleCNVs cause autosomal recessive genetic diseases with or without involvement of SNV/indels.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsYuan, B, Wang, L, Liu, P, Shaw, C, Dai, H, Cooper, L, Zhu, W, Anderson, SA, Meng, L, Wang, X, Wang, Y, Xia, F, Xiao, R, Braxton, A, Peacock, S, Schmitt, E, Ward, PA, Vetrini, F, He, W, Chiang, T, Muzny, D, Gibbs, RA, Beaudet, AL, Breman, AM, Smith, J, Cheung, SWai, Bacino, CA, Eng, CM, Yang, Y, Lupski, JR, Bi, W
JournalGenet Med
Date Published2020 Oct

PURPOSE: Improved resolution of molecular diagnostic technologies enabled detection of smaller sized exonic level copy-number variants (CNVs). The contribution of CNVs to autosomal recessive (AR) conditions may be better recognized using a large clinical cohort.

METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the CNVs' contribution to AR conditions in cases subjected to chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA, N = ~70,000) and/or clinical exome sequencing (ES, N = ~12,000) at Baylor Genetics; most had pediatric onset neurodevelopmental disorders.

RESULTS: CNVs contributed to biallelic variations in 87 cases, including 81 singletons and three affected sibling pairs. Seventy cases had CNVs affecting both alleles, and 17 had a CNV and a single-nucleotide variant (SNV)/indel in trans. In total, 94.3% of AR-CNVs affected one gene; among these 41.4% were single-exon and 35.0% were multiexon partial-gene events. Sixty-nine percent of homozygous AR-CNVs were embedded in homozygous genomic intervals. Five cases had large deletions unmasking an SNV/indel on the intact allele for a recessive condition, resulting in multiple molecular diagnoses.

CONCLUSIONS: AR-CNVs are often smaller in size, transmitted through generations, and underrecognized due to limitations in clinical CNV detection methods. Our findings from a large clinical cohort emphasized integrated CNV and SNV/indel analyses for precise clinical and molecular diagnosis especially in the context of genomic disorders.

Alternate JournalGenet. Med.
PubMed ID32576985
Grant ListUM1 HG006542 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States