Co-occurrence of frameshift mutations in and in a child with complex craniosynostosis.

TitleCo-occurrence of frameshift mutations in and in a child with complex craniosynostosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsTimberlake, AT, Wu, R, Nelson-Williams, C, Furey, CG, Hildebrand, KI, Elton, SW, Wood, JS, Persing, JA, Lifton, RP
JournalHum Genome Var
Date Published2018

Non-syndromic craniosynostosis (CS) affects 1 in 2350 live births. Recent studies have shown that a significant fraction of cases are caused by de novo or rare transmitted mutations that promote premature osteoblast differentiation in cranial sutures. Rare heterozygous loss-of-function (LOF) mutations in and are highly enriched in patients with non-syndromic sagittal and coronal CS, respectively. Interestingly, both mutations show striking incomplete penetrance, suggesting a role for modifying alleles; in the case of , a common variant near drastically increases penetrance of sagittal CS. Here, we report a proband presenting with both sagittal and coronal craniosynostosis with the highly unusual recurrence of CS within two months of initial surgery, requiring a second operation to re-establish suture patency at six months of age. Exome sequencing revealed a rare transmitted frameshift mutation in (p. 152 fs*27) inherited from an unaffected parent, absence of the common risk variant, and a de novo frameshift mutation in (p.E548fs*14). and independently inhibit transcriptional targets of BMP signaling. The findings are consistent with epistasis of these mutations, increasing penetrance and severity of CS in this proband. They also add to the list of composite phenotypes resulting from two Mendelian mutations, and support the utility of exome sequencing in atypical CS cases.

Alternate JournalHum Genome Var
PubMed ID30038786
PubMed Central IDPMC6023907
Grant ListT32 GM007205 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
UM1 HG006504 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States